International activities

The Supervisory Body is also responsible for a number of international activities such as monitoring data processing by Europol and by the Schengen Information System (SIS).

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Monitoring processing by Europol

The Supervisory Body forms part of the Joint Supervisory Body (JSB or the “Europol Cooperation Board”) which seats the Data Protection Authorities of the Member States of the European Union. The JSB is responsible for monitoring the activities of Europol and for guaranteeing that the personal data stored by Europol do not violate data subjects’/citizens’ rights.

In addition, the JSB checks the legitimacy of the transmission of personal data by Europol, more specifically by carrying out inspections at Europol itself. In that context, the members or the members of staff of the JSB may be asked to take part in these inspections which are carried out by the European Data Protection Supervisor (“EDPS”). Other than that, the JSB is mandated to appraise whether Europol abides by the data protection principles in a number of well-defined areas.


As part of its brief, the EDPS must ensure that the rights of the individual are respected.


The COC is responsible for preparing and following up the meetings of the JSB and, as Belgium’s representative, for monitoring and implementing the decisions of the EDPS (in Belgium). The COC also plays a role within the framework of requests from citizens to access the Europol databases, insofar as these requests can be submitted to the COC. In this respect, the COC sees to it that any such requests are transmitted to Europol and are indeed processed by the latter.

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The Shengen Information System (SIS II)

To read more, see our section 'Citizens': Access to the Schengen information system (SIS).

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